10 Creepy Ghost Towns Across America
There is something unsettling about walking through an abandoned town, whether the buildings are crumbling and broken or still creepily intact, as though residents just disappeared into thin air. Some ghost towns provide insight into the country's history, while others are steeped in folk tales and ghost stories. Either way, most are free to explore, making for an offbeat and low-budget travel experience.
In the Nevada desert about 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas is an unexpected and uncanny sight: picture-perfect houses filled with mid-century furniture, cars in driveways, food on kitchen tables, and mannequins posed as though engaged in household tasks. Built by the Federal Civil Defense Administration, the site was used to test the impact of an atomic bomb (detonated nearby May 5, 1955) on a "typical American community" of homes, a radio station, and other buildings made of wood, brick, and steel. What remains of the fake community, now called "Doom Town," is a reminder of the paranoia and fear of the Cold War years and a highlight of Nevada National Security Site , which are free but must be reserved months in advance -- there are no slots available until June 2016.
Built by a coal company in 1911, what is now called the Concrete City was a small settlement where coal miners could rent a seven-room house for $8 a month. Believed to be the first example of tract housing, the 22 homes were built entirely out of concrete. The damp climate and porous concrete meant every household needed a garden hose to regularly wash the "culm" from walls inside and out. The settlement was abandoned in 1924 when a new owner didn't want to pay to install a sewer system demanded by the township. Attempts to demolish the site were quickly given up after a hundred sticks of dynamite failed to topple even one of the concrete structures. A small wading pool in the town square is all that remains of a common courtyard that once included tennis courts, a baseball field, and a playground, and the homes are riddled with bullet holes after being used for training by the military and police and fire departments.
Garnet was born during the gold rush of 1895 and home to nearly a thousand miners and homesteaders at its peak. The mines were quickly depleted and most people were gone by 1912, but two dozen wood buildings persist, making this one of the best-preserved mining towns in the U.S. It looks almost like a movie set for an Old West boomtown. Today it is owned and managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. Volunteers recruited to maintain the site give $3 tours and get free room and board in a rustic Garnet cabin. Beware, though: They report paranormal sightings and unearthly noises in the night.
Rather than ghost stories and local legends, this coal mining town is the site of a real-life horror story. In 1913, some 8,000 workers went on strike to protest their living and working conditions, only to be kicked out by their employer. When 1,200 miners and their families built a makeshift tent city near the mine entrances and continued to protest, the mining company brought in thugs and National Guardsmen, who peppered the camp with machine gun fire. The standoff went on for months. Finally, in April 1914, when the miners were celebrating Greek Easter, militiamen surrounded the camp, inciting a gun battle and using kerosene to set the tents ablaze. Eleven children and two women huddled in a foxhole were among those who lost their lives as the camp burned to the ground. The Colorado Coal Strike has been called the deadliest in U.S. history, claiming between 69 and 199 lives. Today, those who visit the remains of the company town of Ludlow can see the foxhole and a monument to those killed in the massacre
A zinc mining town, Rush hit its peak during World War I, when it had a population of 22,000. It was the second-largest city in the state, and one of the most prosperous. When zinc prices declined after the war, so did the town, and it was officially declared a ghost town in 1972. What makes Rush unique is that it is cared for by the park service as part of the Buffalo River National River Park, which means the original buildings and mines are well-preserved. A number of hiking paths wind around the town and mines, with plaques telling the story of the town, making it a favorite spot for locals looking for a hike with a bit of history.
A reverend described Bodie in 1881 as "a sea of sin, lashed by the tempests of lust and passion." At its peak, the gold-mining town had more than 10,000 residents and 30 mines, as well as all the features of a Wild West boomtown: saloons, brothels, opium dens, gambling halls, and breweries. Hundred-gallon barrels of whiskey were rolled down the main street daily, where there were 65 saloons in just a mile. Street fights, shootouts, and killings happened on a daily basis, and the town earned a reputation for lawlessness and vice. The boom lasted just a few years, and by 1900 the town was in decline. Devastated by multiple fires over the years, the town had only a handful of residents by the end of World War II. Two were killed in a crime of passion, three died of mysterious illnesses, and Bodie was officially a ghost town by 1950. A number of ghosts supposedly inhabit the buildings, and it is also said that anyone who takes something from Bodie -- even a pebble -- will be cursed with misfortune. Today, about 10 percent of Bodie's original buildings endure, largely unchanged, and visitors can see a logbook recording all the missing items people have returned to try to lift their curses.
The town formerly known as Boston, Ohio, is cloaked in tales of Satan worship, children murdered by serial killers, cult rituals, and ghostly figures, but the real history of "Helltown" is compelling enough. In 1974, in response to concern over the destruction of the nation's forests, President Gerald Ford signed a bill to create a national park in Boston Township. Using the powers of eminent domain, the National Park Service began buying Boston piece by piece, forcing people from their homes -- prompting one resident to write on a wall, "Now we know how the Indians felt." By the time the town was emptied, plans for a national park had fallen by the wayside. What remains today are boarded-up houses, old farm equipment, crumbling bridges, and even an old school bus. Helltown now serves as a place for locals to go get creeped out by ghost stories.
This classic American mill town sprang up around a yarn manufacturer opened in 1905. As the economy and nature of manufacturing changed, towns such as this one suffered. The mill finally shut down in 1973, and the last resident left in 1987. But this particular town has a unique claim to fame: It was used as the setting for District 12 in the "Hunger Games" movies. Wade Shepherd, an 83-year-old who lives nearby, bought all 20 of the town's buildings years ago to protect them against vandals and other troublemakers, and he's willing to sell everything for $14 million.
Africatown represents a unique and unusual chapter in African-American history. While importing slaves to America was outlawed in 1808, the last recorded shipment of slaves was in 1860, aboard the Clotilde. When the ship arrived from Ghana, it was intercepted by authorities, and the 32 people brought over as slaves were given land in Alabama and expected to make do on their own. They created a self-governing society, living off the land by hunting, fishing, farming, raising livestock, and building homes using materials they found around them. The Ghanaians transplanted their culture and language to the settlement, appointing a tribal chief and medicine man. When American slaves were emancipated, some joined the community, and Africatown flourished. Paper mills and other industry grew and provided employment to residents, but the pollution also made Africatown less desirable. As the original settlers died and the following generations assimilated into mainstream America, Africatown largely disappeared. Today, much of the area is part of Mobile, and the original homes and cemetery make up the Africatown Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.
Pleasure Beach is the most recently abandoned town on the list, a quaint, thriving seaside community until 1996, when the bridge to the mainland burned down. Residents and vacation-goers were evicted due to safety concerns -- firefighters could no longer get to the island -- and some 45 cottages sat crumbling on the 2-mile beach. Pleasure Beach was officially closed to the public through June 2014, but that didn't stop urban explorers, partiers, and vandals from visiting. Most of the cottages have been demolished since falling victim to arson and abuse. Ruins of the amusement park, movie theater, radio tower, and other public buildings remain, and Pleasure Beach is now open as a public park accessed by a free water taxi or, at low tide, a walk from the mainland. In the summer, there are free tours highlighting the flora and fauna of Pleasure Beach. In spite of the family-friendly activities and seaside recreation, the crumbling resort town retains an unsettling vibe that attracts ghost town enthusiasts.