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Cheap Wireless Routers Buying Guide

Our research found a number of cheap wireless routers that are adequate for most home networks. Our favorites are the Netgear WNR2500 (starting at $55) and D-Link DIR-826L (starting at $50).

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We also like the Buffalo AirStation WHR-600D (starting at $30). The Linksys E1200 (starting at $38) has been available for a few years now, but it's been so popular and reliable that Linksys continues to sell it. Two super-cheap routers -- the On Networks N150R (starting at $15) and Trendnet TEW-731BR (starting at $18) -- sink to the bottom of our list due to subpar performance.

Inexpensive wireless routers are basic devices. They may not be the speediest or most potent, but online reviews indicate that the best budget models are up to the demands of casual users. That is, they can keep you connected from most anywhere in your home and move data along at a fairly rapid clip. If you plan to use your network primarily for web surfing, email, and connecting an ebook reader or iPad, a slower and cheaper router will work just fine.

Some top budget routers, including the D-Link DIR-826L and Buffalo AirStation WHR-600D, have extra features that used to be confined to pricier models, including dual-band capability. Whereas a single-band router sends wireless signals on the 2.4 GHz frequency band, a dual-band router can also use the 5 GHz band. Other electronic devices, such as cordless phones and wireless baby monitors -- not to mention other Wi-Fi networks -- share the 2.4 GHz frequency and can interfere with a router's performance. For gamers and those who stream a lot of video or have a lot of close neighbors, the 5 GHz band is preferable.

What We Looked for in the Specs

Wireless-N Router.

All routers support a specific wireless standard or standards. This refers to a set of specifications created by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, or IEEE, that governs how the router operates. The most common wireless standards for home networks over the years have been 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.11n, and 802.11ac. Routers, like many devices, are backward compatible to previous standards, so older devices can be used with a newer router. Although the 802.11g standard is still around and 802.11ac now claims the bulk of review sites' attention, 802.11n is the most popular, and many wireless-N routers are very cheap.

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All our picks support the wireless-N standard, which can, in theory, transfer data as fast as 600 megabits per second. The maximum varies from router to router, and real-world transfer speeds (a.k.a. throughput) typically fall between 40 Mbps and 100 Mbps. The newest standard, 802.11ac, is very fast -- up to 1,300 Mbps -- but also very expensive. The Linksys WRT1900AC, for example, starts at $249. The cheapest AC routers have slower maximum speeds and may not outperform wireless-N routers. The D-Link DIR-818LW (starting at $79) tops out at 750 Mbps, and a CNET reviewer concludes that a fast 802.11n router would be a better value.

Security Features.

The security of a wireless router is critical, especially for apartment dwellers. If you leave your network unprotected, any nosy neighbor within range can tap into your wireless network and peek at your private files.

Budget routers, including our picks, almost always support two security standards: Wi-Fi Protected Access, or WPA, and Wired Equivalent Privacy, or WEP. WEP is an older protocol, so WPA is preferred. The budget routers on our list support WPA and WPA2, a newer version of the WPA standard. Your router should be set up to use WPA2, the recommended security protocol, automatically.

Most routers also include a firewall, which monitors data as it flows through an Internet connection. Firewalls block attacks from malicious hackers and keep unwanted data from passing through to your PC. All the routers on our list have a built-in firewall. You can also use a software firewall, such as the one included in Windows 8, to increase security.

Ports Aplenty.

Any affordable router for home use should have at least four LAN ports on the back for connecting network devices via an Ethernet cable. Wired connections don't have the range issues or signal strength problems that can occur with wireless connections, so you may want to connect a desktop PC, for example, to your network with an Ethernet cable. The low-end On Networks N150R cuts a corner here, with only two ports.

Most budget routers feature 10/100 ports, which means they can send data at 10 Mbps and up to 100 Mbps (theoretically). More expensive routers have ports that can transfer data through a wired connection at a theoretical maximum of 1,000 Mbps. This is also known as a gigabit connection and is listed in the specifications as 10/100/1000. The D-Link DIR-826L is the only budget router on our list with gigabit Ethernet.

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It is a bonus to have a port for attaching a USB device to the network -- an external hard drive, for example, as a convenient way to give all your PCs and mobile devices easy access to a backup drive. The D-Link DIR-826L is one inexpensive router that includes a USB port.

by Michael Sweet (Google+ Profile)

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